Neuropsychiatric Institute
912 S. Wood Street (M/C 747)
Chicago, IL 60612

Office Phone: (773) 241-0857

Fax: (312) 413-1703

E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


Books & Videos

Bell CC. Creator and producer of the animation "Bookworm", 1985

Bell CC (ed). Psychiatric Aspects on Violence: Understanding Causes and Issues in Prevention and Treatment. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, Summer 2000

Bell CC. Creator and producer of DVD "Eight Pieces of Brocoade" Chicago, IL: Community Mental Health Council, 2000

Bell CC. The Sanity of Survival: Reflections on Community Mental health & Wellness. Chicago: Third World Press, 2004

Parekh R, Bell C, Weintraub K. Overcome Prejudice at Work: The Harvard Medical School Guide. New York: RosettaBooks, 2013.

Jeste D and Bell CC (eds). Psychiatric Clinics of North America – Prevention in Psychiatry, Vol. 34, No. 3, 2011.

Pequegnat W and Bell CC (eds). Family and HIV/AIDS: Cultural and Contextual Issues in Prevention and Treatment. New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company, 2011; http://www.springerlink.com/content/978-1-4614-0438-5/front-matter.pdf

Chapters and Reports

Bell CC."Getting Rid of Rats [Public Psychiatry]". In Career Pathways in Psychiatry: Transition in Changing Times, A.Lazarus (ed). Hillsdale, NJ: Analytic Press, 1996, p.p. 23-24

Bell CC,Gamm S, Vallas P, Jackson P. Strategies for the Prevention of Youth Violence in Chicago Public Schools. In M.Shafii & S.Shafii (Eds). School Violence: Contributing Factors, Management, and Prevention. Washington, D.C., American Psychiatric Press, 2001. p.251-272

Goldsmith SK, Pellmar TC, Kleinman AM, Bunney WE (Eds), Committee on Psychopathology and Prevention of Adolescent and Adult Suicide (Bunney WE, Kleinman AM, Bell CC, Brent DA, Eggert L, Fawcett J, Gibbons RD, Jamison KR, Korbin JE, Mann JJ, May PA, Reynolds CF, Tsuang MT, and Frank RG), Board on Neuroscience and Behavioral Health, National Institute of Medicine. Reducing Suicide: A National Imperative, National Academy Press: Washington , D.C.:2002

Bell CC, Flay B, & Paikoff R. Strategies for Health Behavioral Change. In j.Chunn(Ed.) The Health Behavioral Change Imperative: Theory, Education, and Practice in Diverse Populations. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, 2002, p.17-40

Bell CC. Correctional Psychiatry. In Sadock BJ and Sadock VA (Eds),Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry, Eighth Edition. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins, 2005, 54.3, p.4002-4012

Bell CC, Bhana A, McKay MM, and Peterson I. " A Commentary on the Triadic Theory of Influence as a Guide for Adapting HIV Prevention Programs for New Contexts and Populations: The CHAMP-South Africa Story". In McKay MM & Paikoff RL (Eds). Community Collaborative Partnerships: The Foundation for HIV Prevention Research Efforts. Binghamton, NY, Haworth Press, 2007, p.243-261.

National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. Preventing Mental, Emotional, and Behavioral Disorders Among Young People: Progress and Possibilities. Committee on Prevention of Mental Disorders and Substance Abuse Among Children, Youth, and Young Adults: Research Advances and Promosing Interventions. O'Connell ME, Boat T, & Warner KE (Eds). Board on Children. Youth, and Families, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2009


Bell CC, "Endurance, Strength, and Coordination Exercises Without Cardiovascular or Respiratory Stress",Journal of the National Medical Association, Vol. 71, No. 3: pp. 265-270, March 1979

Bell CC & Mehta H. "The Misdiagnosis of Black Patients with Manic Depressive Illness", Journal of the National Medical Association, Vol. 72, No. 2: pp. 141-145, February 1980

Bell CC, Shakoor B, Thompson B, Dew D, Hughley E, Mays R & Shorter-Gooden K. "The Prevalence of Isolated Sleep Paralysis in Blacks", Journal of the National Medical Association, Vol. 76, No. 5: pp. 501-508, 1984

Bell CC. "Preventive Strategies for Dealing with Violence Among Blacks",Community Mental Health Journal, Vol. 23, No. 3: pp. 217-228, Fall, 1987

Griffith E & Bell CC. "Recent Trends in Suicide and Homicide Among Blacks",Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 262, No. 16: pp. 2265-2269, October 27, 1989

Bell CC & Jenkins EJ. "Traumatic Stress and Children", Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, Vol. 2, No. 1: pp. 175-188, Summer 1991

Bell CC & Jenkins EJ. "Community Violence and Children on Chicago's Southside", Psychiatry: Interpersonal and Biological Processes, Vol. 56, No. 1: pp. 46 -54, February 1993

Bell CC. "Stress-Related Disorders in African-American Children". Journal of the National Medical Association, Vol. 89, No. 5, p. 335 - 340, May 1997

Bell CC & Suggs H. “Using Sports to Strengthen Resiliency in Children - Training “Heart": Using Sports to Create Resiliency.” Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, Volume 7, Number 4, October 1998, p. 859 - 865

Bell CC “Cultivating Resiliency in Youth.” Journal of Adolescent Health, Vol. 29: 375 - 381, 2001

Bell CC, Williamson J. Psychiatric Services Across the Millennium: A Celebration of 50 Years of Psychiatric Services Journal - Special Populations.Psychiatric Services, Vol. 53, No. 4: 419 - 424, 2002

Hollon SD, Muñoz RF, Barlow DH, Beardslee WR, Bell CC, Bernal G, Clarke GN, Franciosi LP, Kazdin AE, Kohn L, Linehan MM, Markowitz JC, Miklowitz DJ, Persons JB, Niederehe G, Sommers D. Psychosocial Intervention Development for the Prevention and Treatment of Depression: Promoting Innovation and Increasing Access. Biological Psychiatry, Vol. 52, No. 6: 610 - 630, September 15, 2002

Flay BR, Graumlich S, Segawa E, Burns J, Amuwo S, Bell CC, Campbell R, Cowell J, Cooksey J, Dancy B, Hedeker D, Jagers R, Levy SR, Paikoff R, Punwani I, & Weisberg R. The ABAN AYA Youth Project: effects of comprehensive prevention programs on high-risk behaviors among inner city African American youth: A randomized trial. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Vol. 158, No. 4: pp. 377 - 384, April 2004

Hobfoll SE, Watson P, Bell CC, Bremer MJ, Friedman MJ, Friedman M, Gersons BPR, de Jong JTVM, Maguen S, Neria Y, Pynoos RS, Ruzek JI, Shalev AY, Steinberg AM, Ursano RJ. Five Essential Elements of Immediate and Mid-Term Trauma Intervention: Empirical Evidence. Psychiatry: Interpersonal and Biological Processes, Vol. 70, No. 4: 283 - 315, Winter 2007

Bell CC, Bhana A, Petersen I, McKay MM, Gibbons R, Bannon W, Amatya A. Building Protective Factors to Offset Sexually Risky Behaviors Among Black South African Youth: A Randomized Control Trial, Journal of the National Medical Association, Vol. 100, No. 8: 936 - 944, 2008

Bell CC. Asian martial arts and resiliency. Ethnicity and Inequities in Health and Social Care. Vol. 1, No. 2: 11 - 17, December 2008

Bell CC. Dr. Carl Bell's Keys to Reducing Violence and Re-Engaging Youth to Society. Chicago: The Black Star Project, 2009.http://whgbetc.com/carl-bell-youth-violence.pdf

Van Voorhees BW, Fogel J, Reinecke MA, Gladstone T, Stuart S, Gollan J, Bradford N, Domanico R, Fagan B, Ross R, Larson J, Watson N, Paunesku D, Melkonian S, Kuwabara S, Holper T, Shank N, Saner D, Butler A, Chandler A, Louie T, Weinstein C, Collins S, Baldwin M, Wassel A, Vanderplough-booth K, Humensky J, Bell C. Randomized Clinical Trial of an Internet-Based Depression Prevention Program for Adolescents (Project CATCH-IT) in Primary Care: Twelve Week Outcomes. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, Vol. 30, No. 1: 23 - 37, February 2009.

Hobfoll SE, Watson P, Bell CC, Bremer MJ, Friedman MJ, Friedman M, Gersons BPR, de Jong JTVM, Maguen S, Neria Y, Pynoos RS, Ruzek JI, Shalev AY, Steinberg AM, Ursano RJ. Five Essential Elements of Immediate and Mid-Term Trauma Intervention: Empirical Evidence. FOCUS, Vol. VII, No. 2: 221 - 242, Spring 2009.

Liu LC, Flay BR, Amuwo S, Bell CC, Campbell R, Cowell J, Cooksey J, Dancy B, Graumlich S, Hedeker D, Jagers R, Levy SR, Paikoff R, Punwani I, & Weisberg R. Evaluating Mediation in Longitudinal Multivariate Data: Mediation Effects for the Aban Aya Youth Project Drug Prevention Program. Prevention Science, Vol. 10, No. 3: 197 - 207, 2009.

Landback J, Prochaska M, Ellis J, Dmochowska K, Kuwabara SA, Gladstone T, Larson J, Stuart S, Gollan J, Bell C, Bradford N, Reineck M, Fogel J, Van Vorhees BW. From Prototype to Product: Development of a Primary Care/Internet Based Depression Prevention Intervention for Adolescents (CATCH-IT). Community Mental Health Journal, Vol. 45, No. 5, p. 349–354, October 2009. published on line July 30, 2009. Download

Bell CC. “Why We Should Still Publish in JNMA More Than 25 Years Later.” Journal of the National Medical Association, Vol. 101, No. 10: 1067 – 1069, 2009.

Bell CC, Merritt LM, Wells S. Integrating Cultural Competency and Evidence-Based Practice in Child Welfare Services: A Model Based on Community Psychiatry Field Principles of Health. Children and Youth Services Review, Vol. 31, Issue 11: p. 1206 – 1213, November 2009.

Jagers RJ , Morgan-Lopez AA , Flay BR ; Aban Aya Investigators . The impact of age and type of intervention on youth violent behaviors. Journal of Primary Prevention , 30(6): 642 - 658, 2009.

Van Voorhees BW, Paunesku D, Fogel J, and Bell CC. Differences in vulnerability factors for depressive episodes in African-American and European-American Adolescents. Journal of the National Medical Association, Vol. 101, No. 12: 1255 - 1267, 2009.

Bell CC. “Commentary on the Child-Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) Conference – Nashville, TN, September 2009.” Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, Vol. 37, No. 1-2: 135 – 139. 2010 Jan 23. DOI 10.1007/s10488-010-0268-1 [Epub ahead of print]. Download

Van Voorhees BW, Watson N, Bridges JFP, Fogel J, Gallas J, Kramer C, Connery M, McGill A, Marko M, Cardenas A, Landback J, Dmochowska K, Kuwabara SA, Ellis J, Prochaska M, Bell C. Development and Pilot Study of a Marketing Prevention Intervention for Adolescents (The CATCH-IT Intervention). The Primary Care Companion: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, Vol. 12, No. 3: p. e1- e9, 2010.

Bhana A, McKay M, Mellins C, Petersen I, Bell CC. Family-based HIV prevention and intervention services for youth living in poverty-affected contexts: The CHAMP model of collaborative, evidence-informed program development, Journal of the International AIDS Society, Vol. 13 (Suppl. 2), No. 59, p. s2 - s8, 2010.Download

Bell CC & McBride DF. Affect Regulation and the Prevention of Risky Behaviors. Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 304, No. 5: 565 -566, August 4, 2010.

Daviglus ML, Bell CC, Berrettini W, Bowen PE, Connolly ES, Cox NJ, Dunbar-Jacob JM, Granieri EC, Hunt G, McGarry K, Patel D, Potosky AL, Sanders-Bush E, Silberberg D, Trevisan M. NIH State-of-the-Science Conference: Preventing Alzheimer’s Disease and Cognitive Decline. Annals of Internal Medicine, Vol. 152, No. 3, p. 176 -181, 2010.

Bell CC and McBride DF. Commentary on Bourget D, Gagné, Whitehurst L. Domestic homicide: The older offender. Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law. Vol. 38, No. 3, p. 312-317, 2010.

Beuttler FW and Bell CC. For the Welfare of Every Child – A Brief History of the Institute for Juvenile Research, 1909 – 2010. University of Illinois: Chicago, 2010.

McKay MM, Bell CC, and Blake CA. Community-based collaborations: Designing, Conducting and Sustaining Prevention Programs. In W. Pequegnat , C. Boyce, and E. Stover (Eds). How To Write A Successful Research Grant Application: A Guide For Social and Behavioral Scientists (2nd Edition). Springer Publishing Company: New York, 2011, pp. 9 – 20.

Bell CC and McBride DF. Family as the Model for Prevention of Mental and Physical Health Problems. In Pequegnat W and Bell CC (eds). Family and HIV/AIDS: Cultural and Contextual Issues in Prevention and Treatment. New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company, 2011, p. 47-68.

McKay MM, Blake CA, Umpierre M, Osuji H, and Bell CC. Collaborating with Families and Communities to Prevent Youth HIV Risk Taking and Exposure. Pequegnat W and Bell CC (eds). Family and HIV/AIDS: Cultural and Contextual Issues in Prevention and Treatment. New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company, 2011, p. 195-207.

Bell CC and Pequegnat W. Future Directions for Family-Based Prevention and Treatment Research: Challenges and Emerging Issues. Pequegnat W and Bell CC (eds). Family and HIV/AIDS: Cultural and Contextual Issues in Prevention and Treatment. New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company, 2011, p. 331-339.

Bell CC. Trauma, Culture, and Resiliency. In Southwick S, Charney D, Litz B, and Friedman M (eds). Resiliency in Psychiatric Clinical Practice. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2011, p. 176 - 188.

Breland-Noble, A.M., Bell, C.C., Burriss, A, & The AAKOMA Project Adult Advisory Board. “Mama just won’t accept this”: Adult Perspectives on Engaging Depressed African American Teens in Clinical Research and Treatment. Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings,18(3):225-34, 2011

Schewe P, Bell CC, Bennett L, Goldstein PJ, Gordon R, Mattaini M, O’Brien P, Riger S, Risser HJ, Rosenbaum DP, Schuch AM, Simmons B, Ullman SE. University of Illinois at Chicago’s Interdisciplinary Center for Research on Violence: Changing Systems to Prevent Violence and Beyond. Violence Against Women, Vol. 17, No. 9, p. 1176 - 1193, 2011

Bell CC, McBride DF, Redd J, and Suggs H. Team-Based Treatment. In McQuistion, Selldman J, Sowers W, Ranz J, Feldman JM (eds). Community Psychiatry – American Association of Community Psychiatrists. New York: Springer, 2012, p. 211-221.

Beardslee BR, Bell CC, and Chien P. Prevention of Mental Disorders, Substance Abuse, and Problem Behaviors: The Future of Psychiatry. Psychiatric Services, Vol. 62, No. 3: 247 – 254, 2011.

Bell CC and McBride DF. A Commentary for Furthering Cultural Sensitivity within Research in Geriatric Psychiatry. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, Vol. 19, No. 5: 397 – 402, May 2011.

Bell CC and Dunbar E. Racism and Psychopathology. In Widiger TA (ed). The Oxford Handbook of Personality Disorders. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012, p. 694-709.

Bell CC. Violence: Contagion, Group Marginalization, and Resilience or Protective Factors. Proceedings of the Contagion of Violence - A Workshop of the Forum on Global Violence Prevention sponsored by Board on Global Health, Board on Children, Youth, and Families of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Science, 2012, p. II.1 – II – 5. https://download.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=13489

Bell CC and McBride DF. Prevention of mental and substance use and abuse disorders and comorbidity in African-Americans. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly, Vol. 30 (3): 293-306, 2012

Breland-Noble A, Bell CC, et al. The Significance of Strategic Community Engagement in Recruiting African American Youth & Families for Clinical Research. Journal of Child and Family Studies, Vol. 21, No. 2: 273-280, April 2012.

McBride DF, Bell CC. “Cultural Competence” in Modern Community Mental Health: An Interdisciplinary Approach. Edited by Yeager KR, Cutler DL, Swendsen D, and Sills GM. New York: Oxford University Press, 2013, p. 155-169.

National Academy of Science. Reforming Juvenile Justice: A Developmental Approach, Bonnie RJ, Chemers BM, Schuck J (Eds) Committee on Law and Justice, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences Education (Johnson RL, Bonnie RJ, Bell CC, Bobo LD, Butts JA, Carrion G, Casey BJ, Dodge KA, Graham Sa, Gray E, Mulvey EP, Plotnick RD. Scott ES, Thornberry TP, Townsend C) . Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences Press, 2013. http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=14685

Skodol AE, Krueger RF, Bender DS, Morey LC, Clark LA, Bell CC, Alarcon RD, Siever LJ, Oldham JM. Personality Disorders in DSM-5 Section III. Focus, Vol. XI, No. 2, pp. 187 – 188, 2013.

Bell CC. State of the Art and Science – Dynamic Descriptions of Personality Disorder in the DSM-5. Virtual Mentor, Volume 15, No. 10: 857 – 859, October 2013. http://virtualmentor.ama-assn.org/2013/10/stas1-1310.html

Bell CC. “The Future of People of Color in Psychiatry,” in The American College of Psychiatrists' 50th Anniversary: Past, Present, and Future. Edited by Shore JH. Chicago, IL, American College of Psychiatrists, 2013, p. 40 – 43.

McBride DF, Bell CC, and Sanford A. The Criminal Justice System: Cultural Considerations and Correcting Corrections. In Comas-Diaz, Hall GN, McLloyd V, and Trimble J (eds). American Psychological Association Handbook of Multicultural Psychology, Volume 2 – Applications and Training. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association, 2013, p. 489 – 502.

Bell CC and McBride DF. Psychiatry for People of African Descent in the US. In Parekh R (Ed). The Massachusetts General Hospital Textbook on Diversity and Cultural Sensitivity in Mental Health (Current Clinical Psychiatry). New York: Springer, 2014, p. 139 - 163.

Carl C. Bell, MD


Carl C. Bell, M.D. is a staff psychiatrist in the Psychosis Program, and Professor in the Department of Psychiatry in the School of Medicine at the University of Illinois at Chicago. He is also a Clinical professor of Public Health at the School of Public Health at the University of Illinois at Chicago. In addition, Dr. Bell is staff psychiatrist at Jackson Park Hospital’s Family Practice Clinic and at St. Bernard Hospital’s Inpatient Psychiatric Unit. He is the former Director of the Institute of Juvenile Research and the former President/C.E.O. of the Community Mental Health Council, Inc.

He earned a Bachelor's of Science Degree from the University of Illinois at Chicago in 1967, and Medical Degree from Meharry Medical College in Nashville, Tennessee in 1971. He completed his residency in Psychiatry in 1974 after training at the Illinois State Psychiatric Institute and the Institute for Juvenile Research in Chicago.

Dr. Bell is an internationally recognized authority on racism, misdiagnosis of affective disorders, children exposed to violence prevention, HIV prevention, Isolated Sleep paralysis, and resiliency. He has an extensive background in psychiatric treatment, research, education, and administration. Author or co-author of more than 400 books, monographs, chapters, articles and technical reports.

* Fellow, American College of Psychiatrists
* Distinguished Life Fellow, American Psychiatric Association.
* Member National Research Council, National Academy of Science's Committee on Law and Justice, 2007 to 2013.
* Appointed to the Chicago Board of Health December 4, 2002 by Mayor Richard M Daley.
* Member of Rosalyn Carter Mental Health Task Force since 2001
* International Fellow - Institute of Philosophy, Diversity & Mental Health, Center for Ethnicity & Health, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, United Kingdom, 2007.
* Listed in Who's Who Among Black Americans, in America & in Science and Engineering, 2008
* Member Planning Boards for Dr. Satcher's Surgeon General's Report on Mental Health - Culture, Race, and Ethnicity and the Report on Youth Violence, Spring 2000.
* Invited to the White House's Conference on Children, Violence, and Responsibility & Mental Health, 1999
* Board Examiner, American Board of Psychiatry and neurology - since 1976


· Community Psychiatry
· Culture, Race and Ethnicity
· Public Health
· Health Behavior Change
· Cultivating Resiliency
· Isolated Sleep Paralysis
· Correctional Psychiatry
· Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
· Moving Science to Service
· Meditation and Martial arts


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